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# EYFS

Mathematics in EYFS

The EYFS framework is structured very differently to the national curriculum as it is organised across seven areas of learning rather than subject areas.

The table below outlines the most relevant statements taken from the Early Learning Goals in the EYFS statutory framework and the Development Matters age ranges for Three and Four-Year-Olds and Reception to match the programme of study for mathematics.

The most relevant statements for mathematics are taken from the following areas of learning:

• Communication and Language
• Mathematics

 Mathematical Vocabulary Three and Four-Year-Olds Communication and Language Use a wider range of vocabulary. Understand ‘why’ questions, like: “why do you think the caterpillar is so fat?” Reception Communication and Language Learn new vocabulary. Use new vocabulary throughout the day. ELG Communication and Language Speaking Participate in small group, class and one-to-one discussions, offering their own ideas, using recently introduced vocabulary.
 Number and Place Value Counting Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Recite numbers past 5. Say one number name for each item in order: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Know that the last number reached when counting a small set of objects tells you how many there are in total (‘cardinal principle’). Reception Mathematics Count objects, actions and sounds. Count beyond ten. ELG Mathematics Numerical Patterns Verbally count beyond 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system. Identifying, Representing and Estimating Numbers Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Fast recognition of up to 3 objects, without having to count them individually (‘subitising’). Show ‘finger numbers’ up to 5. Link numerals and amounts: for example, showing the right number of objects to match the numeral, up to 5. Experiment with their own symbols and marks as well as numerals. Reception Mathematics Subitise. Link the number symbol (numeral) with its cardinal number value.
 ELG Mathematics Number Subitise (recognising quantities without counting) up to 5. Reading and Writing Numbers Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Link numerals and amounts: for example, showing the right number of objects to match the numeral, up to 5. Experiment with their own symbols and marks as well as numerals. Reception Mathematics Link the number symbol (numeral) with its cardinal number value. Compare and Order Numbers Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Compare quantities using language: ‘more than’, ‘fewer than’. Reception Mathematics Compare numbers. ELG Mathematics Numerical Patterns Compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising when one quantity is greater than, less than or the same as the other quantity. Understanding Place Value Reception Mathematics Understand the ‘one more than/one less than’ relationship between consecutive numbers. Explore the composition of numbers to 10. ELG Mathematics Number Have a deep understanding of numbers to 10, including the composition of each number. Solve Problems Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Solve real world mathematical problems with numbers up to 5.
 Addition and Subtraction Mental Calculations Reception Mathematics Automatically recall number bonds for numbers 0-10. ELG Mathematics Number Automatically recall (without reference to rhymes, counting or other aids) number bonds up to 5 (including subtraction facts) and some number bonds to 10, including double facts. Solve Problems ELG Mathematics Numerical Patterns Explore and represent patterns within numbers up to 10, including evens and odds, double facts and how quantities can be distributed evenly. Reception Mathematics Subitise. Link the number symbol (numeral) with its cardinal number value.
 Measurement Describe, Measure, Compare and Solve (All Strands) Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Make comparisons between objects relating to size, length, weight and capacity. Reception Mathematics Compare length, weight and capacity.
 Telling the Time Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Begin to describe a sequence of events, real or fictional, using words, such as ‘first’, ‘then…’
 Properties of Shapes Recognise 2D and 3D Shapes and their Properties Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Talk about and explore 2D and 3D shapes (for example, circles, rectangles, triangles and cuboids) using informal and mathematical language: ‘sides’, ‘corners’, ‘straight’, ‘flat’, ‘round’. Select shapes appropriately: flat surfaces for a building, a triangular pattern for a roof, etc. Combine shapes to make new ones – an arch, a bigger triangle, etc. Reception Mathematics Select, rotate and manipulate shapes in order to develop spatial reasoning skills. Compare and Classify Shapes Reception Mathematics Compose and decompose shapes so that children can recognise a shape can have other shapes within it, just as numbers can.
 Position and Direction Position, Direction and Movement Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Understand position through words alone – for example, “The bag is under the table,” – with no pointing. Describe a familiar route. Discuss routes and locations, using words like ‘in front of’ and ‘behind’. Reception Understanding the World Draw information from a simple map. Patterns Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Talk about and identify the patterns around them. For example, stripes on clothes, designs on rugs and wallpaper. Use informal language like ‘pointy’, ‘spotty’, ‘blobs’, etc. Extend and create ABAB patterns – stick, leaf, stick, leaf. Notice and correct an error in a repeating pattern. Reception Mathematics Continue, copy and create repeating patterns.
 Statistics Record, Present and Interpret Data Three and Four-Year-Olds Mathematics Experiment with their own symbols and marks, as well as numerals.

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